Reconstruction and the New South, — Reconstruction, —77 Reconstruction under Abraham Lincoln The original Northern objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Union—a war aim with which virtually everybody in the free states agreed. As the fighting progressed, the Lincoln government concluded that emancipation of the slaves was necessary in order to secure military victory; and thereafter freedom became a second war aim for the members of the Republican Party.
Enjoy the Famous Daily The shattered south: The north has more of each and loses more of each: But this is money spent on the war, not the cost of the destruction of buildings and of industrial and agricultural capacity.
These other costs fall almost entirely on the south, where nearly all the fighting takes place even before the devastation caused by Sherman in By contrast the industries of the north go through a boom period, servicing the war effort at government expense.
Both sides introduce income tax for the first time to pay for the war. Other forms of tax, tariff and duty are raised to unprecedented heights.
Government bonds are issued to bring in money. But there is more private wealth in the north for the government to borrow. The south has to resort more recklessly to printing money. The result is crippling inflation. By the end of the war a Confederate dollar is worth 1. Inflation, starvation and physical ruin are frequently the aftermath of a major war.
But in the south in there are other unprecedented problems. The whole economic basis of southern life has been transformed. Some four million slaves have been freed. In addition the planters now have to pay wages to the former slaves working their plantations, and the amount of work which can be extracted from them is much reduced.
Previously they slaved from dawn to dusk. This change in itself reduces by as much as a third the productivity of the great cotton plantations. Meanwhile the world price of cotton has been falling, with rival supplies from India and elsewhere undercutting the southern product.
The riches which once supported the life style of the southern planters are no longer available. The rest of the whites, many of them poor, suffer in the economic depression. For them a large free black labour force also represents an economic threat.
Add deeply ingrained racial prejudice and an enhanced resentment of the north, and it is clear that the south is a somewhat intractable problem for the federal government. On what terms and with what status are the secessionist states to be readmitted to congress?
Lincoln refuses to accept this. At the time of his death the issue is unresolved.
This amendment, passed by congresss early inoutlaws slavery in the USA. By the end of the year nearly all the southern states have fulfilled these terms. On paper the situation looks promising. But a crisis erupts when congress reconvenes, in Decemberwith the newly elected southern representatives.
The immediate shock for the Republicans of the northern states is seeing the delegates now returned to congress from the south.
If there is moral outrage in the section of the party known as the Radical Republicans, there is also sound political sense.White and Indian Relations between to Essay Words | 4 Pages White and Indian Relations between to Confrontations and conflicts between White American and Native American during the late eighteen hundreds become increasingly one .
White and Indian Relations between to Confrontations and conflicts between White American and Native American during the late eighteen hundreds become increasingly one sided.
From ritual practices and beliefs to land ownership and government policy; Native Americans and there white contour parts differed greatly. Introduction Kentucky was one of the "border states" in the Civil War, both geographically and politically.
It was situated on the dividing line between the northern and southern regions of the United States. White and Indian Relations between to Essay White and Indian Relations between to Confrontations and conflicts between White American and Native American during the late eighteen hundreds become increasingly one sided.
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Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. A variety of materials demonstrates the rise and fall of civil rights for African Americans during the latter half of the nineteenth century, including constitutional amendments, sharecropper contracts, and discussions of segregation and voting rights.