Language helps express our feelings, desires, and queries to the world around us. Words, gestures and tone are utilized in union to portray a broad spectrum of emotion.
Calculations about the exact number of people who speak two or more languages across the globe vary. Ironically, although the United States U. When people do acquire more than one language, the contexts in which individuals take on that second language can vary considerably.
Elective bilinguals are those bilinguals who choose to learn a new language through foreign language courses or by living or traveling abroad. The high school student taking French, the child in a dual immersion program, or the college student living abroad for a semester are all examples of elective bilinguals.
For elective bilinguals, the new language they are learning is not critical to their survival in society. Instead, elective bilinguals are selecting to add another language to their linguistic repertoire in a context in which their home language is the dominant language and the language of prestige1.
By contrast, circumstantial bilinguals in the U. The family language spoken by circumstantial bilinguals is not the majority language, the language of prestige.
Thus, in order to participate economically and civically in the new society in which they find themselves, circumstantial bilinguals must acquire the dominant language. Very often, societal pressures to add the dominant language, coupled with the low prestige of the native language L1leads to marginalization or even total loss of the native language in favor of English.
In the case of the U. Stemming partially from these political concerns and partially from misunderstandings about how a second language is acquired, students have traditionally been discouraged from using their first language in the classroom and recently several states have even passed laws forbidding it2.
Because language is tightly tied to identity and family, the subordination of home languages to English often causes students personal, cultural, and familial tensions. In this brief, we offer background on the importance of fostering continued use of the L1.
We then provide a select set of instructional strategies that will help students strategically use their L1 to access texts and participate in activities while they are simultaneously learning English.
In so doing, teachers can build into lessons in systematic ways, powerful opportunities for students to simultaneously develop conceptual knowledge and skills in a discipline while they are expanding sophisticated understandings of both their L1 and English, the new language. What are the Benefits of Bilingualism?
Speaking two or more languages not only offers obvious practical benefits, but it is also an asset in an increasingly globalized world. The ability to speak, read, and write in two or more languages is a unique advantage in the job market, as local and global demands for employees who speak two or more languages continue to increase.
Furthermore, a review of the research shows that bilingualism has numerous cognitive, social-emotional, and academic benefits as well. What follows is a review of a few of the benefits of bilingualism that go beyond finding a job. Cognitive Benefits Research examining the cognitive effects of bilingualism confirms its multiple benefits, including: The quicker you can make mental shifts, the greater your level of cognitive flexibility.
For example, imagine you are getting ready to play a Bridge game with a group of friends, when the host announces a change in plans. Mentally, you need to shift gears to transition from the language and rules of Bridge to those of Poker. The quicker you can make this shift, the greater your cognitive flexibility.
By contrast, greater cognitive flexibility allows one to adapt more easily to unfamiliar or unexpected situations. The cognitive flexibility associated with bilingualism continues into adulthood, with studies showing that, although such flexibility tends to decrease as we age, bilingualism may actually decrease the rate of decline Gold, et al.(Also known as: Art on the Net) Join fellow artists in sharing art from the source, the artists themselves.
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A book for anyone teaching English spelling, particularly those working with English language learners. This essential manual answers three challenging questions about teaching spelling: Why is there a problem with teaching and learning spelling?
More people around the world than ever before are studying and learning English because it has become the international language of education and business.
5 Supporting Children Learning English as a Second Language in the Early Years (birth to six years) Contents Background and purpose 6 Introduction 6.
IntroductionAs a result of globalization and technological progress, English as a language started to be widely learnt and taught. Throughout history, that language was influenced by other languages such as French and caninariojana.comical Development of the English LanguageBaugh et al () have explained the idea that today's English language is resulted from centuries of political development.
Published: Tue, 02 Jan Abstract. This project aims to show us why the English known as a global language and why other languages do not have this ability.
Also introduce some other languages such as Chinese that can be replaced with English and their capability of being a global one.