Why is education so important? Education is a self-enlightenment process.
Computers and Nursing Practice Science has bestowed health care delivery system with excellent technological innovations. One such innovation is the computerization of the entire health care delivery system.
Computerization has contributed enormously towards the reduction of medical errors and the problems associated with such errors Gan et. The implementation of voice recognition technology in mobile healthcare settings is yet another recent innovation Chang et.
Success of computerization in nursing practice lies in utilization of features, functions, input and output modalities that nurse would find most useful Mihailidis et. Electronic Medical Record keeping facilitates access of patient data by nurses at any given location, building automated checks for drug and allergy interactions, clinical notes and laboratory reports.
The term Electronic Medical Record can be expanded to include systems which keep track of other relevant medical information. Although an EMR system has the potential for invasion of a patient's medical privacy, EMRs can serve a great purpose when monitored effectively Mandl et.
The Automated Medical Record, which is a paper-based record with some computer-generated documents. The Electronic Medical Record EMR which restructures and optimizes the documents of the previous levels ensuring inter-operability of all documentation systems.
The Electronic Patient Record EPR which is a patient-centered record with information from multiple institutions and 5. The development of standards for EMR interoperability is vital because of the fact that without interoperable EMRs, practicing nurses, physicians, pharmacies and health care institutions cannot share patient information, which is necessary for timely patient-centered care.
There are many software programs specially developed for Electronic Record Keeping with integrated appointment scheduling billing, prescription writer, transcription module, document management and workflow management Ringold et.
Electronic Prescriptions Nurse Practioners have prescriptive authority in the United States Galewitz, and prescription error is a problem in current nurse practice.
Communication has been cited as the single biggest block in such prescription errors leading to wrong reading by the pharmacist. Errors seem to be more in the dose of the medicines prescribed.
Electronic prescription systems have been designed as a total remedy to this problem Laerum et. Using a PDA, a nurse can access a patient's laboratory reports and refer the latest information on relevant therapies, tests and treatments.
The PDA can also be used for billing and updating patient visits. The PDA can also provide map and directions to the patient's homes. Using a PDA, a nurse can instantaneously transfer prescriptions to the patient's pharmacy, answer patient e-mail, refer to medical textbooks, drug databases, journals and updates Laerum et.
The utility of personal digital assistant resources in healthcare practice of course presents new challenges due to changing device capabilities and software availability Kuiper, The ThinPrep System has been found to be especially effective for detecting low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions known as SILs and severe lesions.
PAPNET is another innovation that uses neural net computer technology, where, the computer provides guidelines for identifying abnormal cells from a series of digital images of PAP smears fed priori.
AutoPap QC is another Pap test re-screening system that uses image interproduction and pattern recognition techniques for identifying abnormal cells Heuther et.
Computerized Theatre Management Application Theatre Management Applications automatically record patient information like demographic and financial data, visit history with dates, procedures, performing and attending providers, care records with clinical highlights and patient status, surgical data including proposed, type, actual, severity and risks stored for reference in the event of future surgical procedures Hillestad, The most important aspect of such applications is that they facilitate the management of patient supplies with associated refill lists.
These systems help to monitor and track the use of implant and surgical items utilized during operative procedures.Computer Uses in Nursing Education When it comes to importance of computers in nursing education, it is undoubtedly an important aspect to keep in the pace of the technologically advanced world.
Healthcare is again a field where technology has made things lot better and increased the efficiency in patient care. Below are some of the points. The integration of computer technology into the nursing practice has been necessitated by a need for proper records.
Computers reduce prescription errors through electronic prescriptions. Nurses also have the option of using personal digital assistants, which enable them access to records and.
As to nursing administration, this aspect considerably utilizes the use of computers especially in planning, organizing, controlling and directing the health care unit. An important element of . Benefits of Computer Use in Health Care Systems Improved Quality of Care.
Automated hospital information systems can help improve quality of care because of their far-reaching capabilities. An example is the HELP system, which is a complete knowledge based hospital information system.
and skills. Nursing professionals may also use the research results to check on their computer competence and try to makeupanyshortcomings.
Literature Review. A nursing information system (NIS) can increase efficiency and accuracy in all phases of the nursing process-assessment, nursing diagnosis, planning, implementing, and evaluating (“Using computers to speed up the nursing process,” ).