His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War. His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing.
The term comes from "Byzantium", the name of the city of Constantinople before it became Constantine's capital.
This older name of the city would rarely be used from this point onward except in historical or poetic contexts. Imperium Romanum, Imperium Romanorum; Greek: Res Publica Romana; Greek: Imperium Graecorum in the West to refer to the Eastern Roman Empire and of the Byzantine Emperor as Imperator Graecorum Emperor of the Greeks  were also used to separate it from the prestige of the Roman Empire within the new kingdoms of the West.
Needing Charlemagne's support in his struggle against his enemies in Rome, Leo used the lack of a male occupant of the throne of the Roman Empire at the time to claim that it was vacant and that he could therefore crown a new Emperor himself.
History of the Byzantine Empire Early history The Baptism of Constantine painted by Raphael 's pupils —, frescoVatican City, Apostolic Palace ; Eusebius of Caesarea records that as was common among converts of early Christianity Constantine delayed receiving baptism until shortly before his death  The Roman army succeeded in conquering many territories covering the entire Mediterranean region and coastal regions in southwestern Europe and north Africa.
These territories were home to many different cultural groups, both urban populations and rural populations.
Generally speaking, the eastern Mediterranean provinces were more urbanised than the western, having previously been united under the Macedonian Empire and Hellenised by the influence of Greek culture.
This distinction between the established Hellenised East and the younger Latinised West persisted and became increasingly important in later centuries, leading to a gradual estrangement of the two worlds.
Byzantium under the Constantinian and Valentinian dynasties To maintain control and improve administration, various schemes to divide the work of the Roman Emperor by sharing it between individuals were tried between andfrom tofrom toand again between and Although the administrative subdivisions varied, they generally involved a division of labour between East and West.
Each division was a form of power-sharing or even job-sharingfor the ultimate imperium was not divisible and therefore the empire remained legally one state—although the co-emperors often saw each other as rivals or enemies.
Inemperor Diocletian created a new administrative system the tetrarchyto guarantee security in all endangered regions of his Empire. He associated himself with a co-emperor Augustusand each co-emperor then adopted a young colleague given the title of Caesarto share in their rule and eventually to succeed the senior partner.
The tetrarchy collapsed, however, in and a few years later Constantine I reunited the two administrative divisions of the Empire as sole Augustus.
The western part collapsed in the s while the eastern part ended with the capture of Constantinople Constantine introduced important changes into the Empire's military, monetary, civil and religious institutions.
As regards his economic policies in particular, he has been accused by certain scholars of "reckless fiscality", but the gold solidus he introduced became a stable currency that transformed the economy and promoted development.
Constantine established the principle that emperors could not settle questions of doctrine on their own, but should summon instead general ecclesiastical councils for that purpose.
His convening of both the Synod of Arles and the First Council of Nicaea indicated his interest in the unity of the Church, and showcased his claim to be its head. In and he issued a series of edicts essentially banning pagan religion.
Pagan festivals and sacrifices were banned, as was access to all pagan temples and places of worship.
Arcadius in the East and Honorius in the West, once again dividing Imperial administration.World War 1 began on July 28, and lasted until November 11, Differences in foreign policies were to blame, although the immediate cause was the assassination of Austria’s Archduke Ferdinand.
(Follow this link to learn more about how World War 1 started); The two main sides were the Allies, which included France, Great Britain and Russia; and Germany and Austria-Hungary. Abraham Lincoln English Essay- School Essay On Abraham Lincoln For Kids Subject Write an English essay on Abraham Lincoln in your words.
Complexity Medium Grade/Class 5th to 10th standard Number of words words Age group 10 to 15 years Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States of America. How to Write a Research Essay. In this Article: Article Summary Researching a Topic Organizing your Essay Writing your Essay Community Q&A Research essays are extremely common assignments in high school, college, and graduate school, and are not unheard of in middle school.
Essay Scholarships. Perhaps you are a brilliant writer, or maybe you're just going for the most efficient way to rack up the college scholarship caninariojana.com way, you’ve decided that the key to funding your education lies in winning scholarship essay caninariojana.com scholarships are awarded in numerous fields to students of varied backgrounds.
A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah PRIMARY SOURCES • Landmark Documents • Court Cases • Supreme Court Cases • Newspaper Articles • Obituaries VOICES • Overview & Resources • Asian American • Children • Civil Rights • Immigrant • Native Americans • Texas • Women MULTIMEDIA • Digital Stories.