Deviant Deviant means someone being extremely different, unusual and behaving in an eccentric manner. It can further be classified as: The behaviors which violates social norms or expectations might be considered as abnormal. Social norms varies a lot across cultures and ethnic groups.
Abnormal Psychology By Saul McLeodupdated August 05, Abnormal psychology is a division of psychology that studies people who are "abnormal" or "atypical" compared to the members of a given society. The definition of the word abnormal is simple enough but applying this to psychology poses a complex problem: The concept of abnormality is imprecise and difficult to define.
Examples of abnormality can take many different forms and involve different features, so that, what at first sight seem quite reasonable definitions, turns out to be quite problematical.
Definitions of Abnormality Statistical Infrequency Under this definition of abnormality, a person's trait, thinking or behavior is classified as abnormal if it is rare or statistically unusual. With this definition it is necessary to be clear about how rare a trait or behavior needs to be before we class it as abnormal.
For instance one may say that an individual who has an IQ below or above the average level of IQ in society is abnormal.
The statistical approach helps to address what is meant by normal in a statistical context. It helps us make cut — off points in terms of diagnosis. However, this definition fails to distinguish between desirable and undesirable behavior. For example, obesity is a statistically normal but not associated with healthy or desirable.
Conversely high IQ is statistically abnormal, but may well be regarded as highly desirable. Many rare behaviors or characteristics e. Some characteristics are regarded as abnormal even though they are quite frequent. Who decides what is statistically rare and how do they decide?
For example, if an IQ of 70 is the cut-off point, how can we justify saying someone with 69 is abnormal, and someone with 70 normal? This definition also implies that the presence of abnormal behavior in people should be rare or statistically unusual, which is not the case.
(a) abnormal behavior may become danger to oneself or others (b) behaviors can become consistently hostile, careless, or confused. (c) although cited as a feature of abnormal psychological functioning, dangerousness is the exception rather than the rule. The four “D’s” are a valuable construct for the clinician to identify the points on a continuum at which human cognition, emotion and behavior change from normal into abnormal and thus can be classified as a psychiatric disorder. The four Ds are used as an assessment tool to decide whether behaviour is abnormal. Abnormality may require investigation and diagnosis. Abnormality may require investigation and diagnosis. There is no clear difference between normal and abnormal - it's "shades of grey".
Instead, any specific abnormal behavior may be unusual, but it is not unusual for people to exhibit some form of prolonged abnormal behavior at some point in their lives, and mental disorders such as depression are actually very statistically common. Violation of Social Norms Under this definition, a person's thinking or behavior is classified as abnormal if it violates the unwritten rules about what is expected or acceptable behavior in a particular social group.
Their behavior may be incomprehensible to others or make others feel threatened or uncomfortable. Every culture has certain standards for acceptable behavior, or socially acceptable norms.
Norms are expected ways of behaving in a society according to the majority and those members of a society who do not think and behave like everyone else break these norms so are often defined as abnormal. There are a number of influences on social norms that need to be taken into account when considering the social norms definition: Culture Different cultures and subcultures are going to have different social norms.
For example, it is common in Southern Europe to stand much closer to strangers than in the UK. Voice pitch and volume, touching, direction of gaze and acceptable subjects for discussion have all been found to vary between cultures. Context and Situation At any one time, a type of behaviour might be considered normal whereas another time the same behaviour could be abnormal, depending on both context and situation.What is "abnormal" psychology?
The field devoted to the scientific study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning.
The 4 D's. The four Ds are used as an assessment tool to decide whether behaviour is abnormal. Abnormality may require investigation and diagnosis. Abnormality may require investigation and diagnosis.
There is no clear difference between normal and abnormal - it's "shades of grey". Nov 04, · 4 D's of Abnormality How one can define abnormal behavior? There are four criteria which have been proposed for the identification of abnormality, also known as 4 D’s.
The four “D’s” are a valuable tool for the clinician to identify the points on a continuum at which human cognition, emotion and behavior change from normal into abnormal and thus can be classified as psychiatric disorders.
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Abnormal Psychology By Saul McLeod, updated August 05, Abnormal psychology is a division of psychology that studies people who are "abnormal" or "atypical" compared to .