Attacks on two Coptic Christian churches left dozens dead on Palm Sunday. Deadly bombings at two Coptic Christian churches in Egypt this weekend have brought attention to a long-persecuted religious minority with ancient roots.
Under Muslim rule, Christians paid special taxes and had lower access to political power, but were exempt from military service. Their position improved dramatically under the rule of Muhammad Ali in the early 19th century. He abolished the Jizya a tax on non-Muslims and allowed Egyptians Copts to enroll in the army.
Pope Cyril IV—61, reformed the church and encouraged broader Coptic participation in Egyptian affairs. He appointed them judges to Egyptian courts and awarded them political rights and representation in government.
They flourished in business affairs. Two significant cultural achievements include the founding of the Coptic Museum in and the Higher Institute of Coptic Studies in Pharaonism Many Coptic intellectuals hold to Pharaonismwhich states that Coptic culture is largely derived from pre-Christian, Pharaonic culture, and is not indebted to Greece.
It gives the Copts a claim to a deep heritage in Egyptian history and culture. Pharaonism was widely held by Coptic and Muslim scholars in the early 20th century, and it helped bridge the divide between those groups.
Some scholars see Pharaonism as shaped by Orientalism.
Mainly through emigration and partly through European, American, and other missionary work and conversions, the Egyptian Christian community now also includes other Christian denominations such as Protestants known in Arabic as EvangelicalsRoman Catholics and Eastern Rite Catholicsand other Orthodox congregations.
The term Coptic remains exclusive however to the Egyptian natives, as opposed to the Christians of non-Egyptian origins.
Some Protestant churches for instance are called "Coptic Evangelical Church", thus helping differentiate their native Egyptian congregations from churches attended by non-Egyptian immigrant communities such as Europeans or Americans. Ina group of Coptic activists created a flag to represent Copts worldwide.
Sudan has a native Coptic minority, although many Copts in Sudan are descended from more recent Egyptian immigrants. However, this was interrupted by a decade of persecution under Mahdist rule at the end of the 19th century.
The Anglo-Egyptian invasion in allowed Copts greater religious and economic freedom, and they extended their original roles as artisans and merchants into trading, banking, engineering, medicine, and the civil service. Proficiency in business and administration made them a privileged minority.
However, the return of militant Islam in the mids and subsequent demands by radicals for an Islamic constitution prompted Copts to join in public opposition to religious rule. However, when the National Islamic Front overthrew the elected government of Sadiq al-Mahdi with the help of the military, discrimination against Copts returned in earnest.
Hundreds of Copts were dismissed from the civil service and judiciary. Thousands attended his funeral, and the execution was taken as a warning by many Copts, who began to flee the country. The confiscation of Christian schools and the imposition of an Arab-Islamic emphasis in language and history teaching were accompanied by harassment of Christian children and the introduction of hijab dress laws.
A Coptic child was flogged for failing to recite a Koranic verse. As the civil war raged throughout the s, the government focused its religious fervour on the south. Although experiencing discrimination, the Copts and other long-established Christian groups in the north had fewer restrictions than other types of Christians in the south.
Today, the Coptic Church in Sudan is officially registered with the government, and is exempt from property tax.Coptic Christian Church Essay The Coptic period covers most of the first six centuries of the Common Era. Copt derives from the Greek word Aegyptus, in turn derived from Hikaptah, or Memphis, the original Egyptian capital.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ, caninariojana.comya caninariojana.comimi caninariojana.comoxos, literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church) is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Northeast Africa and the Middle East.
The Coptic Christian community is situated in Egypt and a brief history about this community: the Coptic Christians believe that Christianity was brought to Egypt by “the Apostle Mark” in 64 CE and those who accepted his message of Christianity were the ancient race of the pharaohs (Henderson).
Coptic church is part of the Oriental Orthodox family of churches, originates in Alexandria, Egypt, and maintains a worldwide following. The Coptic Church is also mainly known for it’s establishment of monasticism, which gave the church it’s strong biblical and religious foundation within the “Christian” church%(3).
Heritage of Christianity in Ethiopia The Judeo-Christian history of Ethiopia goes back to the time of Israel’s King Solomon in the tenth century BCE.
The Holy Bible (First Kings) records that the Queen of Sheba (modern Ethiopia), visited King Solomon. The Church that I chose to do my assignment on, is the Coptic Orthodox Church. This appealed to me because of its Egyptian background and I am very interested in Ancient Egypt, the Pyramids and so forth.
The actual word Copt comes from the Greek word "aigyptos" which was the name for the first.