Can a machine pass the turing

An assert macro with informative failure reports, as a syntax-rule or a defmacro. A concise definition form with optional arguments and default values MetaScheme, or untyped MetaOCaml and the underlying alpha-conversion macro Applicative syntax-rules: It is very difficult to write macros that compose, to assemble complex macros from already written and tested components.

Can a machine pass the turing

Philosophical background[ edit ] The question of whether it is possible for machines to think has a long history, which is firmly entrenched in the distinction between dualist and materialist views of the mind. But it never happens that it arranges its speech in various ways, in order to reply appropriately to everything that may be said in its presence, as even the lowest type of man can do.

Descartes therefore prefigures the Turing test by defining the insufficiency of appropriate linguistic response as that which separates the human from the automaton. Descartes fails to consider the possibility that future automata might be able to overcome such insufficiency, and so does not propose the Turing test as such, even if he prefigures its conceptual framework and criterion.

According to dualism, the mind is non-physical or, at the very least, has non-physical properties [11] and, therefore, cannot be explained in purely physical terms. According to materialism, the mind can be explained physically, which leaves open the possibility of minds that are produced artificially.

In his book, Language, Truth and LogicAyer suggested a protocol to distinguish between a conscious man and an unconscious machine: In other words, a thing is not conscious if it fails the consciousness test. Alan Turing[ edit ] Researchers in the United Kingdom had been exploring "machine intelligence" for up to ten years prior to the founding of the field of artificial intelligence AI research in It is not difficult to devise a paper machine which will play a not very bad game of chess.

A, B and C. A and C are to be rather poor chess players, B is the operator who works the paper machine. Two rooms are used with some arrangement for communicating moves, and a game is played between C and either A or the paper machine.

C may find it quite difficult to tell which he is playing.

Can a machine pass the turing

Turing chooses not to do so; instead he replaces the question with a new one, "which is closely related to it and is expressed in relatively unambiguous words. In this game both the man and the woman aim to convince the guests that they are the other.

Could a computer think?

Huma Shah argues that this two-human version of the game was presented by Turing only to introduce the reader to the machine-human question-answer test. We now ask the question, "What will happen when a machine takes the part of A in this game?

These questions replace our original, "Can machines think? In this version, which Turing discussed in a BBC radio broadcast, a jury asks questions of a computer and the role of the computer is to make a significant proportion of the jury believe that it is really a man. If a keyword is not found, ELIZA responds either with a generic riposte or by repeating one of the earlier comments.

A group of experienced psychiatrists analysed a combination of real patients and computers running PARRY through teleprinters.Created in , the Turing test is a benchmark of whether a machine can “imitate” or pass as a human.

Named after the father of artificial intelligence Alan Turing, this test sees one human. A computer program called Eugene Goostman, which simulates a year-old Ukrainian boy, is said to have passed the Turing test at an event organised by the University of Reading.

The Wireless Telegraph area on board U Boat U in March , where the Enigma machine, similar to a typewriter, can be seen bottom left. {14 comments read them below or add one}. Home Archive catalogue Bio of Turing More about Turing Codebreaking Artificial Intelligence Computer history Photo gallery Books on Turing Cambridge archive.

Jun 11,  · The world of high-tech hype was thrown on its ear over the weekend by the news that a computer had passed the "Turing Test" for the first time. The idea was that a machine . There is debate over the precise rules that Turing intended for his test, but in many of the common interpretations, a machine passed it long ago, in that there are programs which have fooled human interrogators as to whether they were human or computer.

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