Further, the earliest stratum of the Jesus traditions is, in some ways, impenetrable. That is to say, we have no easy and infallible test for determining whether an author was an eyewitness and heard Jesus himself or whether he was merely a recorder of primitive oral tradition. Nevertheless, to be fair to Guthrie, it seems that he is affirming the veracity of the traditional authorship against a late ca. In this regard, his point is indeed well taken, for the oral tradition of the dominical sayings which James uses shows no dependence on any of the written Gospels.
These are mostly toy examples. But they serve to highlight the deficiencies which more complex examples also share. God is a being which has every perfection. This is true as a matter of definition.
Existence is a perfection. I conceive of a being than which no greater can be conceived. If a being than which no greater can be conceived does not exist, then I can conceive of a being greater than a being than which no greater can be conceived—namely, a being than which no greater can be conceived that exists.
I cannot conceive of a being greater than a being than which no greater can be conceived.
Hence, a being than which no greater can be conceived exists. It is possible that that God exists. God is not a contingent being, i. Hence, it is necessary that God exists. See MalcolmHartshorneand Plantinga for closely related arguments.
Hence, the existent perfect being is existent. Hence, God is existent, i. The last step is justified by the observation that, as a matter of definition, if there is exactly one existent perfect being, then that being is God.
See Rescher for a live version of this argument. Whenever a bunch of things exist, their mereological sum also exists. Therefore the sum of all things exists. Therefore God—the sum of all things—exists. Say that a God-property is a property that is possessed by God in all and only those worlds in which God exists.
Not all properties are God properties. Any property entailed by a collection of God-properties is itself a God-property.
The God-properties include necessary existence, necessary omnipotence, necessary omniscience, and necessary perfect goodness. Hence, there is a necessarily existent, necessarily omnipotent, necessarily omniscient, and necessarily perfectly good being namely, God.
Of course, this taxonomy is not exclusive: Moreover, an argument can be ambiguous between a range of readings, each of which belongs to different categories.
This latter fact may help to explain part of the curious fascination of ontological arguments.Protestant dogma insists that Sola Scriptura is an article of faith.
1 By its own criteria, articles of faith must be established by divine revelation. In the words of Zacharius Ursinus (d. ), author of the Heidelberg Catechism, “The doctrine of the church has God for its author whilst. The Chorizo Syndrome [anarchist – robotic controversy] incarnations of Thoreau (1) and Proudhon (2), one facing his political isolation to re-discover a monist (3) relationship, the other promoting the success of a bottom up urban social contract (4) in which they have both participated in the past, sharing their protest, illusions and utopian ideals on the barricade.
Discussion of non-causal determination relations can be found in the recent literature on “grounding” and “ontological dependence”, including Rosen , Audi , Correia & Schnieder , Fine , Raven , the entry on metaphysical grounding, and the entry on ontological caninariojana.com://caninariojana.com · The argument from design then, as well as any other sort of argument for empirical theism, cannot possibly work as an argument that tells us about God's moral nature (and since God's moral nature is a pretty fundamental part of God, this weakness makes empirical theism seem pretty hopeless)caninariojana.com · Now that we have an impression of how Marlowe and Shakespeare put verse and prose together in a play written by , I will now move to an analysis of the verbal features of – 2 Henry VI to determine the most likely candidate for caninariojana.com://caninariojana.com?.
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