Religion and its Effect on Political Party Affiliation Introduction America faces a unique dilemma when addressing the issue of religion in a political setting. Though it is explicit in our constitution that the separation of church and state is mandatory in the maintenance of a successful nation, religion plays an important role in politics nonetheless.
Ballykelly Primary School has both Protestant and Catholic pupils and at the time of the redundancy decision the majority of pupils were Catholic.
Five of the fifteen teachers in the school were Catholic and none of these was among the four teachers selected for redundancy. Legislation outlawing religious discrimination in employment has been in place since However this protection did not extend to teachers. In the exemption for teachers was narrowed so that only recruitment matters remain exempt.
Selection of a teacher for redundancy on grounds of religion is therefore unlawful. A person may believe that they have been discriminated against because they are Catholic or Protestant, nationalist or unionist or because they do not hold any of these beliefs or opinions.
Political opinion is not solely limited to Northern Ireland politics and religious belief includes other religions and faiths, for example, Judaism, Islam and Buddhism.
The legislation outlaws four types of discrimination which a person can complain about to a Fair Employment Tribunal. For example, the best person in a company was not given a promotion because of their religion while a less able person of a different religion was promoted.
Indirect discrimination on the grounds of religious belief or political opinion occurs when an employer applies a provision, criterion or practice to a person which, while apparently applying to everyone, puts or would put people of that religion or belief at a particular disadvantage when compared with other people and cannot be shown by the employer to be a proportionate means of achieving a legitimate aim.
For example, if an employer restricts a job opportunity solely to internal candidates where their workforce is wholly or mainly drawn from one community and this has the effect of disadvantaging potential applicants of the under-represented religion. Under the law a person can make a freestanding claim for harassment on the grounds of their religious belief or political opinion, that is, an act distinct from direct or indirect discrimination.
Harassment is defined as unwanted conduct on the grounds of religious belief or political opinion, which has the purpose or effect of violating a person's dignity or creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for that person.
Harassment does not have to be deliberate — the effect on the person being harassed and their perception of the behaviour will be taken into account by an industrial tribunal. The law also protects people from victimisation.
A person is protected if they bring proceedings or give evidence under the legislation, or give evidence or information in connection with proceedings brought by someone else.
For example, if a worker loses overtime because they supported a colleague who took a discrimination case against their employer, they could claim for victimisation. Further information on anti-discrimination laws is available from your local CAB or from the Equality Commission on 90 or from their website at www.Chapter 5: The religious belief in rationality, science and democracy e understanding of academic practice needs to start with the actual social, cultural and political practices of human beings.
e practices which made knowledge. How do religious beliefs affect politics? Peter Mandaville THE QUESTION other-worldly) forms of space and belief and more mundane, or profane, domains of ‘worldly’ human endeavour.
Some deﬁnitions, such as that of anthropologist explanation through conventional themes and theories of political analysis.
FREEDOM OF RELIGION AND BELIEF IN MYANMAR BRIEFING PAPER FEBRUARY Supported by Embassy of Canada and by placing the situation of freedom of religion and belief in the wider context of Myanmar’s nascent political reforms.
the religious and moral education of . Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty. Another way of defining belief sees it as a mental representation of an attitude positively oriented towards the likelihood of something being true.
In the context of . For example, Olivier Roy argues that ‘the paradox of political Islam is that if the role of Islam is defined by the state, it means that political power is above any independent religious authority, and thus that Islam is subordinate to politics’.
64 64 O. Roy, The Failure of Political Islam (London: I. B Tauris, ), p. A Political, Cultural, and Religious Description of the Current Atmosphere as Exists in Israel Israel, in the 's, is in a continual state of political, cultural and religious flux.
Religion continues to play a central factor in the difficulties which the state has been and continues to experience.