November 8, Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century Concentrated in Europe, Orthodox Christians have declined as a percentage of the global population, but Ethiopian community is highly observant and growing Mgvimevi Monastery church, near the city of Chiatura in the Imereti region of Georgia. Over the last century, the Orthodox Christian population around the world has more than doubled and now stands at nearly million. In Russia alone, it has surpassed million, a sharp resurgence after the fall of the Soviet Union. Yet despite these increases in absolute numbers, Orthodox Christians have been declining as a share of the overall Christian population — and the global population — due to far faster growth among Protestants, Catholics and non-Christians.
Edit The religious history of the United States is a complex narrative that begins more than a century before the former British colonies became the United States of America in Many of the original settlers were men and women of deep religious convictions. That the religious intensity of the original settlers would diminish to some extent over time was perhaps to be expected, but new waves of eighteenth century immigrants brought their own religious fervor across the Atlantic and the nation's first major religious revival in the middle of the eighteenth century injected new vigor into American religion.
The result was that many of the people who rose in rebellion against Great Britain in cited reasons of a religious nature for their actions, and most American statesmen, when they began to form new governments at the state and national levels, shared a conviction that religion was, to quote Alexis de Tocqueville 's observation, "indispensable to the maintenance of republican institutions".
The efforts of the founding fathers to find a proper role for their support of religion, and the degree to which religion can be supported by public officials without being inconsistent with the revolutionary imperative of freedom of religion for all citizens, is a question that is still debated in the country today.
America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century Edit Many of the British North American colonies that eventually formed the United States of America were settled in the seventeenth century by men and women, who, in the face of European persecution, refused to compromise passionately-held religious convictions and fled Europe.
The New England colonies, New JerseyPennsylvaniaand Maryland were conceived and established "as plantations of religion. They enthusiastically supported the efforts of their leaders to create "a city on a hill" or a "holy experiment," whose success would prove that God's plan for churches could be successfully realized in the American wilderness.
Even colonies like Virginiawhich were planned as commercial ventures, were led by entrepreneurs who considered themselves "militant Protestants " and who worked diligently to promote the prosperity of the church. European Persecution Edit The religious persecution that drove settlers from Europe to the British North American colonies sprang from the conviction, held by Protestants and Catholics alike, that uniformity of religion must exist in any given society.
This conviction rested on the belief that there was one true religion and that it was the duty of the civil authorities to impose it, forcibly if necessary, in the interest of saving the souls of all citizens.
Nonconformists could expect no mercy and might be executed as heretics. The dominance of this policy, denounced by Roger Williams as "inforced uniformity of religion," meant majority religious groups who controlled political power punished dissenters in their midst.
In some areas Catholics persecuted Protestants, in others Protestants persecuted Catholics, in some other areas one Protestant group persecuted Protestants of other groups, and in still others Catholics and Protestants persecuted wayward coreligionists.
Although England renounced religious persecution init persisted on the European continent. Religious persecution, as observers in every century have commented, is often bloody and implacable and is remembered and resented for generations.
Strangled and burned, van der Leyen was finally dispatched with an iron fork. Jesuit persecution in Great Britain Edit Jesuits like John Ogilvie Ogilby - were under constant surveillance and threat from the Protestant governments of England and Scotland.
Ogilvie was sentenced to death by a Glasgow court and hanged and mutilated on March 10 Brian Cansfield -a Jesuit priest was seized while at prayer by English Protestant authorities in Yorkshire.
Cansfield was beaten and imprisoned under harsh conditions. He died on August 3from the effects of his ordeal. Another Jesuit priest, Ralph Corbington Corby ca. Many propertyless Lutherans, given only eight days to leave their homes, froze to death as they drifted through the winter seeking sanctuary.
The wealthier ones who were allowed three months to dispose of their property fared better. Some of these Salzburgers reached Londonfrom whence they sailed to Georgia.
Others found new homes in the Netherlands and East Prussia. Persecution of Huguenots by Catholics Edit The slaughter of Huguenots French Protestants by Catholics at Sens, Burgundy in occurred at the beginning of more than thirty years of religious strife between French Protestants and Catholics.
These wars produced numerous atrocities. The worst was the notorious St. Thousands of Huguenots were butchered by Roman Catholic mobs. Although an accommodation between the two sides was sealed in by the Edict of Nantesreligious privileges of Huguenots eroded during the seventeenth century and were extinguished in by the revocation of the edict.
Perhaps as many asFrench Protestants emigrated to various parts of the world, including the British North American colonies.By Christian Belanger, Essay Contest Winner.
The Religious Liberty Essay Scholarship Contest asked high school juniors and seniors to examine religious diversity in America and evaluate the claim that the United States was founded as a “Christian nation.” The grand prize winner is Christian Belanger, a graduate of Strath Haven High School in Wallingford, Pa.
There is good evidence that the Christian faith in the United States of America is in the process of change and decay. There is a great hymn “Abide With Me” which says “Change and Decay in. Aug 29, · America’s Changing Religious Landscape.
To be sure, the United States remains home to more Christians than any other country in the world, Research Center’s second U.S. Religious Landscape Study, a follow-up to its first comprehensive study of religion in America, conducted in The United States has been Christian longer than the states have been united.
Christianity was established in the early colonial period when settlers from Europe brought Christianity along with them. Nov 13, · America’s Changing Religious Landscape. To be sure, the United States remains home to more Christians than any other country in the world, Research Center’s second U.S.
Religious Landscape Study, a follow-up to its first comprehensive study of religion in America, conducted in Critics of America allege that the history of the United States is defined by a series of crimes-slavery, genocide-visited upon African-Americans and American Indians. Even today, they say.